Publications

The Center for Automotive Research is involved in the research of significant issues that relate to the future direction of the global automotive industry. As a nonprofit research organization, and in cooperation with study funders, most CAR research is released publicly through this website.

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Roof Lightweighting Study

Vehicle mass reduction or “lightweighting” has been deemed very important by automakers because of many benefits including performance and fuel economy. The arrival of automated, connected, electrified, and shared (ACES) technology will make lightweighting more important in the future because of added weight and range anxiety in battery electric vehicles…

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Evaluating Innovative Dissimilar Material Joining Technologies

Due to the need to reduce overall vehicle mass, vehicle manufacturers are turning to a multi-material approach to vehicle construction more extensively than has been historically the case. However, because of the differences in the chemical and physical properties of these materials, joining is not as straightforward as, say, welding…

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MDOT Processes in Connected and Automated Vehicle Environment

Connected and automated vehicle (CAV) technologies are increasingly integrated into Michigan’s transportation systems. Effective internal communications and successful dissemination of CAV information will help to create an overall CAV environment to advance MDOT’s goals. This study leverages on literature review and an MDOT staff survey for the purposes of evaluating…

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Contribution of General Motors to the Economies of Nine States and the United States in 2019

This study estimates the employment and economic contribution of General Motors’ United States operations to the United States economy and the economies of the nine states in which GM has significant manufacturing operations in 2019. CAR’s estimates demonstrate that General Motors—the largest automaker by U.S. market share and second-largest automaker…

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Automation Adoption & Implications for the Automotive Workforce

Many automakers and suppliers continue to face both challenges and opportunities as the automotive industry progresses through an era of rapid innovation as automation and artificial intelligence in the manufacturing setting continues to advance. Automotive companies widely report difficulty in finding enough qualified, skilled employees. Meanwhile, automation and artificial intelligence…

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Technology Roadmap: Materials and Manufacturing

This report forecasts materials and manufacturing trends based on the CAR team’s research findings as well as input from subject matter experts. The results show that several factors can affect the industry’s progress on material technology in the coming decades, including fuel economy regulations, added weight due to batteries, ADAS,…

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Technology Roadmap: Intelligent Mobility Technologies

The automotive, transportation, and mobility industries have experienced transformative changes due to advancements in connectivity and automation technologies, data analysis, and the rise of new mobility services. With such rapid changes in the industry’s landscape, an understanding of where technological development is at present and where it is likely headed…

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Advancing Additive Manufacturing into the Mobility Industry

Future cities will likely be dominated by automated, connected, electric, and shared (ACES) vehicles. Automotive customers are demanding greater vehicle personalization and unique ride experiences. Additive Manufacturing (AM) is a revolutionary group of technologies that can help automakers cater to the desires of their customers by providing unique solutions for…

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Trade Briefing: U.S. Consumer & Economic Impacts of U.S. Automotive Trade Policies

U.S. trade policy changes are projected to raise consumer prices for new and used vehicles and lower U.S. light vehicle sales, employment, and economic output. The Center for Automotive Research (CAR) estimates that the cumulative effect of current and potential U.S. trade actions on automobiles and auto parts could cause…

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Impact of Overseas Tooling Sourcing by Automakers on U.S. Based Tool & Die Firms

U.S. tool & die manufacturers have provided U.S. automakers a local source for new model tooling for more than a century but, the industry is at a crossroads. U.S.-based shops have experienced a significant decline in new tools sourced from automakers over the past two decades. While cost models continue…

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